Introduction to data

The first part of the book will introduce you to data, their properties, how they are collected, and the structure of the design used for the study. Different data and settings lead to different types of conclusions, so you’ll always want to keep in mind the data provenance, especially as you move on to modeling and inference.

We recommend you come back to review this foundational part after you cover each new part in the textbook. In particular, it is worthwhile to consider Figure 2.8 in all of the inferential settings you cover. Each dataset you analyze will have a slightly different context which will require thoughtful consideration of the appropriate conclusions.